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Cancel hanging task in VMware ESXi via commandline
I’ve seen this multiple times now with VMware. You cancel a task via vCenter or the ESXi UI and it just stays there hanging and nothing further happens. Normally this situation resolves itself after some time, but just last week I had a case where the task never stopped. While the Webclients weren’t really helpful in that case, we were able to cancel this task with the ESXi commandline.Warning: Interupting certain tasks, for example snapshot consolidations or Storage vMotions, can lead to issues or corrupted VMs. So only do this if you don’t have any alternatives and need the task to be canceled. And better have a backup at your hand.SolutionStart the SSH service on the ESXi host where your VM is registered Connect via SSH Query the VM ID: vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms Query all tasks for this VM: vim-cmd vmsvc/get.tasklist “VM ID”Check the Task information: vim-cmd vimsvc/task_info “haTask….” Is the task still state still active? Note: The screenshot is just an example; the task state is s
Is Veeam the most significant storage company that no one knows about?
Veeam storage functionsIs Veeam the most significant storage company that no one knows about? One of the essential features of any Veeam Backup and Replication architecture is the storage hardware that the backup target or backup repository will sit on. The repository performance, features, and scalability are critical to ensuring that the Veeam deployment will meet customers' needs for quite a while. Unfortunately, this is the component that many customers tend to make bad decisions, usually due to VARs and storage vendors trying to make the backup decisions for the customer. This is easy for the partner and storage vendor community to do because, as we all know - we at Veeam pride ourselves on the fact that the Veeam Backup and Replication suite is a software-defined and hardware agnostic backup storage platform. The partners, storage vendors, and even customers don't realize that Veeam also has another tag ling used internally - "Veeam is the largest storage company that no one
Backup DB2 with Veeam Backup and replication? No problem!
Protecting DB2 servers with Veeam Backup and Replication is pretty straightforward. The IBM DB2 can be protected with the following Veeam jobs:Classic VM backup jobs Veeam Agent for Linux (VAL) jobs Enhanced NAS backup jobsTo ensure that the DB2 DBs are in a consistent state, IBM DB2 commands will need to be called to either create a native DB2 database backup or to put database(s) in a quiesced state so that a clean application backup of the database can be made. DB2 has several ways to perform backups from the CLI that make backups of the database reasonably simple.Native flat file backup can be performed against an offline or online DB. The options include using full, incremental, and differential backups A simple pause and resume of the DB2 writer that can be used to store (and VMware) snapshots that Veeam Backup and Replication can leverage. The ability to leverage storage array snapshots as restore points through a component called IBM DB2 ACS. I will not discuss this process as
Object Storage: Backup directly to AWS S3 - step by step recipe
IntroductionV12 is launching (register here) on Valentine's day and one of the most anticipated feature is the ability to backup directly to object. As my Valentine's gift to you, I wanted to highlight what's required to get your first V12 backup Direct to AWS S3 going. What do we need?An S3 bucket, an IAM user with the proper policy and a VPC for the helper appliance. A quick note about the V12 direct to object "helper" applianceIn the context of direct backups to AWS S3, the helper Appliance is a temporary EC2 instance that Veeam leverages to perform backup file health-checks.The benefit is to avoid having to "pull-down" any of the backup data on-premises to perform that maintenance operation. You configure the helper appliance settings at the Mount Server step of declaring your Object Repository.Giving the proper permissions in your policy, Veeam gives you the option to auto-create the required VPC, Subnet, Security Group and Route table.I personally would rather set all of this up-
Configuring SSO for Veeam Backup for AWS
Hello everyone, In this post, I will cover the steps to configure Single Sign-On in Veeam Backup for AWS and thereby use a user managed by an identity provider instead of using local users in Veeam Backup for AWS, ensuring greater security when accessing the tool.Veeam Backup for AWS supports SSO based on the SAML 2.0 protocol, so any identity provider that uses SAML 2.0 can be used. In this article, I will use Azure AD itself as an identity provider to make it clearer how to perform each step. To start, log in to the Azure portal and go to Enterprise applications: Click on "New application": Then choose the option "Create your own application": Choose a name for the app and choose the third option "Integrate any other application...": With the app created, go to the "Single sign-on" section and then choose the "SAML" option: Go back to the Veeam Backup for AWS console and go to the "Identity Provider" section under "Settings": Download the metadata that we will use in our app i
Securing your backups and demonstrating compliance with Continuity
Customers in regulated industries like finance, healthcare, telecommunications, and energy are required to validate their compliance with regulatory standards such as PCI DSS, HIPAA, various ISO standards, and others. Compliance is a difficult problem area. Data must be gathered from across the organization and compiled into standardized reports and submitted to the regulatory body. Then, for any gaps identified, remediation actions must be defined and progress to rectify the gaps must be demonstrated. Lastly, compliance is an ongoing process that must be followed and enforced by policy wherever possible to avoid fines and penalties that could result from an audit failure. Additionally, many organizations applying for cybersecurity insurance face an increasingly complex list of requirements, so the problem field has potential to grow into non-regulated sectors. In summary: compliance is enormously time-consuming, difficult, and the stakes are high.Continuity Software's StorageGuard is
Looking to get started in the Cloud? Free ACloudGuru Resources For February 2022!
Hey everyone, ACG are offering some free training courses again this month, some of them are looking really good!Disclaimer, haven’t watched all of the courses yet, but wanted to share early enough in the month that everyone gets a chance to review! AWS: AWS EssentialsIntroduction to AWSIntroduction to the AWS MarketplaceHow to Properly Secure an S3 BucketEKS Basics (Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service) Azure: Azure ConceptsIntroduction to Azure SecurityIntroduction to Networking on Azure GCP: Google Cloud ConceptsGoogle Cloud Security EssentialsIntro to GCP for AWS AdminsGKE Basics (Google Kubernetes Engine) Kubernetes: Hands-on Kubernetes Troubleshooting Linux: Linux Operating System Fundamentals Want to see the whole list available? Click here!
Testing communication ports with PowerShell (Without Telnet)
During troubleshooting a backup environment, it’s common the necessity of test ports responsivity of our backup servers, like Veeam backup server, mount server, proxy or repositories.We normally do that with telnet. However, by default telnet client is not installed during Windows Server and the Veeam Backup Server often is our principal component our backup infrastructure.So, if you want to test some communication port without install telnet client, you can use PowerShell for it.Use the sintax below:Test-NetConnection -ComputerName <IP> -Port <port>Here is an example for the command:An interesting point is that if the communication port is not well succeeded, the utility make an aditional ping test:
Hi everyone,I assume some of you already know about this, but I think is interesting and also a good resource, being in the same path Veeam and VMware.VMware user group has a yearly subscription, for less than 200 dollars a year, you have access to a lot of 1 year licenses for many products, for lab and study proposes.It also offers discounts on official courses, certification exams and so on,so please, if you run a home lab, you want to grow it, and don’t have licenses to do so, check it out! VMUG ADVANTAGE Now includes also ESXi 8 and VCENTER 8!cheers!Luis F.
SOBR Archive Tier – Explained and Configured – Part 4 of 4
This is part four of the blogpost. If you want to read it from the beginning, head here: SOBR Archive Tier – Explained and Configured – Part 1 of 4 | Veeam Community Resource HubIn this last part, we will cover the free section of our feat and put things together in VBR.Setup within VBRNow it’s time to create the new object storage inside your VBR console. Add a backup repository of the type “Object storage”.Add new object repository to be used as archive tier. Choose the appropriate hyperscaler. For the archive tier currently only AWS and Azure are supported. We’ve used Azure in the example.Only Amazon S3 (AWS) and Azure can leverage the archive tier.Now the differentiation from capacity tier is made by selecting “Azure Blob Storage Archive Tier” instead of just “Azure Blob Storage”.Make sure to select the special option for the archive tier.Give the new repository a nice name and description within VBR.Very inventive name, isn’t it?And provide your storage account name and the shared
Monitor Hardened Repository with Veeam ONE v11a
An attacker can not immediately delete or change backup files located on Hardened Repositories. But with more time the attacker can do some damage. So it is important to keep a regular eye on it. A efficient way is to monitor Hardened Repository with Veeam ONE v11a. In this version some enhancements have been added which we will now take a look at. Monitoring immutability enabledWhen Veeam hardened repository is setup correctly, immutability is enabled and a appropriate number of days is chosen. When an attacker has access to the backup server, he could try to disable immutability. After some time all backups would be free to delete or modify. Therefore it is important to keep it enabled.In Veeam ONE v11a there is a new alarm for checking the state of immutability: Immutability state. Alarm is assigned by default to whole Backup Infrastructure. When Immutability state becomes disabled, alarm will trigger. Use this to be notified by mail. If you prefer reports for notification, Backup O
Veeam ONE - Extensibility, and Enterprise Observability. How to forward VONE alarms to any Syslog
I would like to share with you my experience in achieving Enterprise Observability, and how I utilized Veeam ONE to enhance the visibility of my environment.Quick introAs you may know, achieving Enterprise Observability is not an easy task, especially with the abundance of monitoring tools out there, each with their own unique functionalities that may overlap with one another.However, Veeam ONE stood out to me as one of the most efficient tools, offering over 340 native alarms to keep me on top of anything happening to my Virtual Infrastructure, Veeam Data Platform, and the status of its components.What's more, Veeam ONE also offers great reporting capabilities, with over 150 reports that can be scheduled and sent in PDF format for better audit.To take it up a notch, I combined the real-time alarms from Veeam ONE across the entire stack and sent it to my favorite Syslog tool, Grafana Loki. The best part is, you don't need to configure anything on vCenter, ESXi, VBRs, VB365, or VB Serve
Veeam Backup & Replication Utilities 💪
I like to show all the utilities that Veeam offers us ... to perform administration tasks in the backup infrastructures Did you ever use??Extract Utility Veeam Backup & Replication comes with an extract utility that can be used to recover machines from backup files. The extract utility does not require any interaction with Veeam Backup & Replication and can be used as an independent tool on Linux and Microsoft Windows machines.The extract utility can be helpful, for example, if it is written to the tape next to machine backup files. In this case, you get a possibility to recover machines from backups at any moment of time even if backups are removed from Veeam Backup & Replication or Veeam Backup & Replication is uninstalled at all. IMPORTANT! The extract utility does not work with backups that are stored in scale-out backup repositories. The extract utility can be used in two interfaces:Graphic user interface (GUI) Command-line interface working in the in
Tape 📼 Improvements in VBR v11 🔥
When I thought the tape was forgotten ... Veeam brings us these improvements that I think are excellents! Tape 📼 Improvements TAPE CLONING !!! Allows us to Migrate from old LTO to newer tapes generations Additional copy for security reasons You can Copy from one drive to other drive via tape server You can Modify database and link old backups with new tapes You can Preserve link for old tapes File parts are detected and prompt for additional tape Note:Veeam can clone all Veeam tapes (B2T, F2T, NDMP), Veeam Can't do it for 3rd party tapes. What you need to know Requires at least two drives Restore selects automatically the needed tape if several copies exist No scheduler (use PowerShell) One media pool still does only allow one LTO generation What do you think of this improvement?
Veeam Agent For Mac 🍎 !!! Part 1
What Can Be Backed Up?User profiles with all content Custom selection File based backup with native APFS snapshots Restore On Client Side Veeam Agent For Mac Supports…back up files and folders save coloured tags restore specific files or the whole ‘Users’ folder schedule backups send backups to VBR / VCC / Local drive (including encryption) provide basic local UI for FLR Snapshot SupportNative APFS snapshot supportAutomatic snapshot mode selection in single jobUsers on APFS backed up with snapshot Users located NAS share backed up without snapshot USB drives backed up without snapshot MAC OS versions will be supported10.13 (High Sierra), 10.14 (Mojave), 10.15 (Catalina) Can I restore files from the VBR console?”Copy to” (Linux & Windows) is possible. No direct restore Deduplication appliances are supported !
vSphere without vCenter Use Cases for Backup in Homelab
I had a discussion recently about backing up ‘standalone’ ESXi servers, without the vCenter Server application. The discussion started around we were sharing my homelab but the use case became attractive for retail, edge and other ROBO scenarios. Why no vCenter Server Application?I do not run the vCenter Server Server Appliance (vCSA) at home simply because I don’t need it. At home I recently simplified my home lab. In March and April, I had to work from home for a while and it made me think about the home lab since I wasn’t travelling. I upgraded to a new host (still on vSphere) but really don’t need the vCSA. I do *not* use the free ESXi hypervisor, as I use the vExpert license on the host to unlock the full APIs that I need for backup. In our work lab environment, we definitely use the VCSA for a number of environments and if I need that type of environment, I’ll do that over there.It’s interesting when you use the ESXi host in a licensed mode, it allows a number of Veeam capabiliti
Calculating 🤓Required Proxy Tasks 💪
In my previous Topic I showed how to use the Veeam Architects Site ,but how does it give us the amount of Cores and memory that the proxy will use? I'll show you … Getting the right amount of processing power is essential to achieving the RTO/RPO defined by the business. In this section, we will outline the recommendations to follow for appropriate sizingWe defineD = Source data in MBW = Backup window in secondsT = Throughput in MB/s = D/WCR = Change rateCF = Cores required for full backup = T/100CI = Cores required for incremental backup = (T * CR)/25Example:Our sample infrastructure has the following characteristics:1,000 VMs 100 TB of consumed storage 8 hours backup window 10% change rateBy inserting these numbers into the equations above, we get the following results.We need to change TB to MB / We need to change Hours to SecsD = 100 TB * 1024 * 1024 = 104,857,600 MB (Source data in MB)W = 8 hours * 3600 seconds = 28,800 seconds (Backup window in seconds)T = 104857600/28800 = 3,6
Instant VM Recovery Performance Test
Hello,In this article I will tell you about the Veeam Instant VM Recovery feature.We follow our backup processes, we send our backups to different locations, we take backups to tape cassettes, right?We must apply the 3-2-1 rule in our infrastructure. We can return our backups; Well, can we provide service with performance and working as soon as possible in times of crisis?What is Instant VM Recovery?Instant VM Recovery restores your virtualization platform by running the virtual machine directly from backed up files rather than keeping users waiting for hours. Thus;Short recovery times (RTOs) are achieved.Downtime is minimized.Downtime of critical virtual machines is minimized.How does it work?Instant VM Recovery uses vPower technology to directly place a VM image from a compressed and deduplicated backup file to a vSphere or Hyper-V host.Since there is no need to export the entire VM from the backup and then copy it to the backup device, you can restart the virtual machine from backup
VBR v11 💪🔥 RESTful API for VBR
RESTful API for VBR •New “Veeam Backup Server RESTful API Service”•Does not require Enterprise Manager •Allows code generation through Swagger (based on OpenAPI3)•OAuth2 for authentication•Default port 9419 Capabilities•Create / modify / delete backup jobs•Manage backup infrastructure•Deploy at scale Mass Deployments 1.Export from oldVBR 2.Save output to jsonfile 3.Import to a new VBR * resource == jobs, repositories, proxies etc. Limitations •VMware backup jobs•Repositories: DAS and NAS•VMware Proxies •Managed Servers –Everything except Hyper-V and vCloud Director•Inventory –VMware vSphere
VBO Calculator Community Edition V2
VBO Calculator Community Edition V2 First we want to thank you for the great feedback and your input for Version 1 of the Veeam Backup for Microsoft Office 365 Calculator Community Edition! We already added some new features and bugfixes which we want to share with you.Click here to download the new version:Download(If you missed the first post where you can find all instructions, please follow: https://www.backupbros.com/2020/09/22/veeam-backup-for-microsoft-office-365-calculator/)To keep this short let me introduce the new features:Price ComparisonWe are now able to do a price comparision with on-premise-storage (where the compression is a bit lower) and your preferred object storage. As well as a second object storage vendor.You can enter your on-premise-storage costs (local object storage and local direct storage) in the input sheet:If you want to compare your preferred cloud object storage vendor with another one, just select the second vendor in the dropdown above the chart.VM eg
[Quicktip] Failed Veeam Backup&Replication Upgrade
Recently I had problems by upgrading Veeam from 9.5U4 to v10. Upgrade process failed after a while. We found out, directory C:\Program Files\Veeam\Backup and Replication\Backup lost its permissions. We had no change any more to enter this directory. Short answer: Antivirus software causes the problem. After disabling real-time scan, upgrade run without further issues. Antivirus software was configured according Veeam best practices.
[RESTful API] What's New, Deprecated, and Changed in VBA AWS v3 + VBO v5
Greetings everyone, Veeam keeps releasing, and improving the RESTful API of the different products and solutions. The last two that have been received and incredible amount of new API calls, improvements, and changes are the one for Veeam Backup for AWS v3, and the new Veeam Backup for Microsoft Office 365 v5.Veeam tends to release a small what’s new for API where it highlights, briefly, the new stuff. If you are a heavy user of the RESTful APIs, maybe you are using them for automation, maybe as a Service Provider, you will probably like to see a full detail of all the changes, so here we are! Thanks to my colleague @Chris.Arceneaux who helped me understand Matrix, I am delighted to share with you the changes between the new API versions vs the old ones. Veeam Backup for AWS v3It was so subtle that I almost missed it, in fact I did for the first hours working with the API, as it is not a new version itself, just a new revision of the API v1.0. The changes are massive, as you can imagin
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